过滤器模式

介绍

过滤器模式(Filter Pattern)或标准模式(Criteria Pattern)是一种设计模式,这种模式允许开发人员使用不同的标准来过滤一组对象,通过逻辑运算以解耦的方式把它们连接起来。这种类型的设计模式属于结构型模式,它结合多个标准来获得单一标准。

实现

我们将创建一个 Person 对象、Criteria 接口和实现了该接口的实体类,来过滤 Person 对象的列表。CriteriaPatternDemo,我们的演示类使用 Criteria 对象,基于各种标准和它们的结合来过滤 Person 对象的列表。
过滤器模式

步骤 1

创建一个类,在该类上应用标准。

Person.java

public class Person {

    private String name;

    private String gender;

    private String maritalStatus;

    public Person(String name, String gender, String maritalStatus) {
        this.name = name;
        this.gender = gender;
        this.maritalStatus = maritalStatus;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public String getGender() {
        return gender;
    }

    public String getMaritalStatus() {
        return maritalStatus;
    }
}

步骤 2

为标准(Criteria)创建一个接口。

Criteria.java

public interface Criteria {

    List<Person> meetCriteria(List<Person> persons);

}

步骤 3

创建实现了 Criteria 接口的实体类。

CriteriaMale.java

public class CriteriaMale implements Criteria {

    @Override
    public List<Person> meetCriteria(List<Person> persons) {
        List<Person> malePersons = new ArrayList<>();

        for (Person person : persons) {
            if (person.getGender().equalsIgnoreCase("Male")) {
                malePersons.add(person);
            }
        }

        return malePersons;
    }
    
}

CriteriaFemale.java

public class CriteriaFemale implements Criteria {

    @Override
    public List<Person> meetCriteria(List<Person> persons) {
        List<Person> femalePersons = new ArrayList<Person>();
        for (Person person : persons) {
            if(person.getGender().equalsIgnoreCase("FEMALE")){
                femalePersons.add(person);
            }
        }
        return femalePersons;
    }

}

CriteriaSingle.java

public class CriteriaSingle implements Criteria {

    @Override
    public List<Person> meetCriteria(List<Person> persons) {
        List<Person> singlePersons = new ArrayList<Person>();
        for (Person person : persons) {
            if(person.getMaritalStatus().equalsIgnoreCase("SINGLE")){
                singlePersons.add(person);
            }
        }
        return singlePersons;
    }

}

AndCriteria.java

public class AndCriteria implements Criteria {

    private Criteria criteria;

    private Criteria otherCriteria;

    public AndCriteria(Criteria criteria, Criteria otherCriteria) {
        this.criteria = criteria;
        this.otherCriteria = otherCriteria;
    }

    @Override
    public List<Person> meetCriteria(List<Person> persons) {
        List<Person> list = criteria.meetCriteria(persons);
        return otherCriteria.meetCriteria(list);
    }

}

OrCriteria.java

public class OrCriteria implements Criteria {

    private Criteria criteria;

    private Criteria otherCriteria;

    public OrCriteria(Criteria criteria, Criteria otherCriteria) {
        this.criteria = criteria;
        this.otherCriteria = otherCriteria;
    }

    @Override
    public List<Person> meetCriteria(List<Person> persons) {
        List<Person> first = criteria.meetCriteria(persons);
        List<Person> other = otherCriteria.meetCriteria(persons);

        for (Person person : other) {
            if (!first.contains(person)) {
                first.add(person);
            }
        }

        return first;
    }

}

步骤4

使用不同的标准(Criteria)和它们的结合来过滤 Person 对象的列表。

CriteriaPatternDemo.java

public class CriteriaPatternDemo {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        List<Person> persons = new ArrayList<Person>();

        persons.add(new Person("Robert","Male", "Single"));
        persons.add(new Person("John","Male", "Married"));
        persons.add(new Person("Laura","Female", "Married"));
        persons.add(new Person("Diana","Female", "Single"));
        persons.add(new Person("Mike","Male", "Single"));
        persons.add(new Person("Bobby","Male", "Single"));

        Criteria male = new CriteriaMale();
        Criteria female = new CriteriaFemale();
        Criteria single = new CriteriaSingle();
        Criteria singleMale = new AndCriteria(single, male);
        Criteria singleOrFemale = new OrCriteria(single, female);

        System.out.println("Males: ");
        printPersons(male.meetCriteria(persons));

        System.out.println("\nFemales: ");
        printPersons(female.meetCriteria(persons));

        System.out.println("\nSingle Males: ");
        printPersons(singleMale.meetCriteria(persons));

        System.out.println("\nSingle Or Females: ");
        printPersons(singleOrFemale.meetCriteria(persons));
    }

    public static void printPersons(List<Person> persons){
        for (Person person : persons) {
            System.out.println("Person : [ Name : " + person.getName()
                    +", Gender : " + person.getGender()
                    +", Marital Status : " + person.getMaritalStatus()
                    +" ]");
        }
    }

}

步骤 5

验证输出。

Males: 
Person : [ Name : Robert, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : John, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Married ]
Person : [ Name : Mike, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : Bobby, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]

Females: 
Person : [ Name : Laura, Gender : Female, Marital Status : Married ]
Person : [ Name : Diana, Gender : Female, Marital Status : Single ]

Single Males: 
Person : [ Name : Robert, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : Mike, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : Bobby, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]

Single Or Females: 
Person : [ Name : Robert, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : Diana, Gender : Female, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : Mike, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : Bobby, Gender : Male, Marital Status : Single ]
Person : [ Name : Laura, Gender : Female, Marital Status : Married ]
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