Tomcat乱码与端口占用的解决方案

Tomcat 服务器是一个免费的开放源代码的 Web 应用服务器,属于轻量级应用服务器,在中小型系统和并发访问用户不是很多的场合下被普遍使用,是开发和调试 JSP 程序的首选。但是有些小伙伴在启动Tomcat时也会遇到各种各样的问题,比如Tomcat的startup.bat启动后出现乱码,端口占用,启动后闪退等问题,这里我们来一一进行解决

问题一:Tomcat的startup.bat启动后出现乱码

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找到Tomcat文件下的conf目录,修改logging.properties文件中java.util.logging.ConsoleHandler.encoding对应的值为GBK

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重启Tomcat,你看到的启动页面是这样的话,说明乱码问题已经解决

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问题二:一闪而退之端口占用

启动Tomcat出现一闪而退的现象,其实还是可以看到Tomcat终端输出的日志,这时你需要迅速截图捕获异常,太南了。

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最正确的方法是查看日志,找到Tomcat目录下的logs目录中catalina当天的日志,我这里找到的是C:\develop\Tomcat\apache-tomcat-8.5.47\logs\catalina.2019-10-17.log,在日志中可以看到类似这样的输出,Address already in use: bind说明是端口占用了

17-Oct-2019 11:14:30.521 严重 [main] org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.initInternal Failed to initialize connector [Connector[HTTP/1.1-8080]]
	org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Protocol handler initialization failed
		at org.apache.catalina.connector.Connector.initInternal(Connector.java:995)
		at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.init(LifecycleBase.java:136)
		at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.initInternal(StandardService.java:552)
		at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.init(LifecycleBase.java:136)
		at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardServer.initInternal(StandardServer.java:848)
		at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.init(LifecycleBase.java:136)
		at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.load(Catalina.java:639)
		at org.apache.catalina.startup.Catalina.load(Catalina.java:662)
		at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
		at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
		at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
		at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498)
		at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.load(Bootstrap.java:309)
		at org.apache.catalina.startup.Bootstrap.main(Bootstrap.java:492)
	Caused by: java.net.BindException: Address already in use: bind
		at sun.nio.ch.Net.bind0(Native Method)
		at sun.nio.ch.Net.bind(Net.java:433)
		at sun.nio.ch.Net.bind(Net.java:425)
		at sun.nio.ch.ServerSocketChannelImpl.bind(ServerSocketChannelImpl.java:223)
		at sun.nio.ch.ServerSocketAdaptor.bind(ServerSocketAdaptor.java:74)
		at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint.bind(NioEndpoint.java:219)
		at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.AbstractEndpoint.init(AbstractEndpoint.java:1118)
		at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.AbstractJsseEndpoint.init(AbstractJsseEndpoint.java:224)
		at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol.init(AbstractProtocol.java:581)
		at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Protocol.init(AbstractHttp11Protocol.java:68)
		at org.apache.catalina.connector.Connector.initInternal(Connector.java:993)
		... 13 more

在Tomcat目录找到conf目录中的server.xml配置文件,在Connector标签中修改Tomcat启动端口

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<Connector port="9080" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
               connectionTimeout="20000"
               redirectPort="8443" />

问题三:非端口问题的一闪而退

启动Tomcat直接一闪而退,在logs目录的日志里面找不到错误信息,这个时候很大可能是因为Tomcat与JDK版本不对应导致的,有可能你的Tomcat是Tomcat9版,而你的JDK是1.7版本的,Tomcat与JDK版本对应关系可以参考这篇文章Tomcat与JDK版本对应关系,Tomcat各版本特性

``` 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.539 警告 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.tomcat.util.descriptor.DigesterFactory.locationFor The XML schema [web-app_3_1.xsd] could not be found. This is very likely to break XML validation if XML validation is enabled. 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.540 警告 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.tomcat.util.descriptor.DigesterFactory.locationFor The XML schema [web-fragment_3_1.xsd] could not be found. This is very likely to break XML validation if XML validation is enabled. 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.540 警告 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.tomcat.util.descriptor.DigesterFactory.locationFor The XML schema [web-common_3_1.xsd] could not be found. This is very likely to break XML validation if XML validation is enabled. 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.541 警告 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.tomcat.util.descriptor.DigesterFactory.locationFor The XML schema [javaee_7.xsd] could not be found. This is very likely to break XML validation if XML validation is enabled. 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.541 警告 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.tomcat.util.descriptor.DigesterFactory.locationFor The XML schema [jsp_2_3.xsd] could not be found. This is very likely to break XML validation if XML validation is enabled. 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.541 警告 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.tomcat.util.descriptor.DigesterFactory.locationFor The XML schema [javaee_web_services_1_4.xsd] could not be found. This is very likely to break XML validation if XML validation is enabled. 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.542 警告 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.tomcat.util.descriptor.DigesterFactory.locationFor The XML schema [javaee_web_services_client_1_4.xsd] could not be found. This is very likely to break XML validation if XML validation is enabled. 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.593 严重 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal ContainerBase.addChild: start: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/docs]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:167) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:743) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:719) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:714) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1125) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1859) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:511) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:266) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) Caused by: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [Pipeline[StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/docs]]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:167) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5075) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) ... 10 more Caused by: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [org.apache.catalina.authenticator.NonLoginAuthenticator[/docs]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:167) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.startInternal(StandardPipeline.java:178) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) ... 12 more Caused by: java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: javax.servlet.ServletContext.getVirtualServerName()Ljava/lang/String; at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.startInternal(AuthenticatorBase.java:1222) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) ... 14 more 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.594 严重 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Error deploying web application directory [D:\apache-tomcat-8.5.46\webapps\docs] java.lang.IllegalStateException: ContainerBase.addChild: start: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/docs]] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:747) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:719) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:714) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1125) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1859) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:511) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:266) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.599 信息 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Deployment of web application directory [D:\apache-tomcat-8.5.46\webapps\docs] has finished in [118] ms 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.599 信息 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory 把web 应用程序部署到目录 [D:\apache-tomcat-8.5.46\webapps\examples] 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.727 严重 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal ContainerBase.addChild: start: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/examples]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:167) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:743) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:719) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:714) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1125) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1859) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:511) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:266) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) Caused by: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [Pipeline[StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/examples]]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:167) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5075) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) ... 10 more Caused by: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [org.apache.catalina.authenticator.FormAuthenticator[/examples]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:167) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.startInternal(StandardPipeline.java:178) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) ... 12 more Caused by: java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: javax.servlet.ServletContext.getVirtualServerName()Ljava/lang/String; at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.startInternal(AuthenticatorBase.java:1222) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) ... 14 more 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.728 严重 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Error deploying web application directory [D:\apache-tomcat-8.5.46\webapps\examples] java.lang.IllegalStateException: ContainerBase.addChild: start: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/examples]] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:747) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:719) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:714) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1125) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1859) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:511) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:266) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.732 信息 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Deployment of web application directory [D:\apache-tomcat-8.5.46\webapps\examples] has finished in [132] ms 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.732 信息 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory 把web 应用程序部署到目录 [D:\apache-tomcat-8.5.46\webapps\host-manager] 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.763 严重 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal ContainerBase.addChild: start: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/host-manager]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:167) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:743) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:719) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:714) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1125) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1859) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:511) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:266) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) Caused by: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [Pipeline[StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/host-manager]]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:167) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5075) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) ... 10 more Caused by: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [org.apache.catalina.authenticator.BasicAuthenticator[/host-manager]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:167) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.startInternal(StandardPipeline.java:178) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) ... 12 more Caused by: java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: javax.servlet.ServletContext.getVirtualServerName()Ljava/lang/String; at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.startInternal(AuthenticatorBase.java:1222) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) ... 14 more 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.764 严重 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Error deploying web application directory [D:\apache-tomcat-8.5.46\webapps\host-manager] java.lang.IllegalStateException: ContainerBase.addChild: start: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/host-manager]] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:747) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:719) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:714) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1125) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1859) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:511) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:266) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.767 信息 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Deployment of web application directory [D:\apache-tomcat-8.5.46\webapps\host-manager] has finished in [35] ms 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.768 信息 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory 把web 应用程序部署到目录 [D:\apache-tomcat-8.5.46\webapps\manager] 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.786 严重 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal ContainerBase.addChild: start: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/manager]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:167) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:743) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:719) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:714) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1125) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1859) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:511) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:266) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) Caused by: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [Pipeline[StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/manager]]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:167) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5075) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) ... 10 more Caused by: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [org.apache.catalina.authenticator.BasicAuthenticator[/manager]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:167) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.startInternal(StandardPipeline.java:178) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) ... 12 more Caused by: java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: javax.servlet.ServletContext.getVirtualServerName()Ljava/lang/String; at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.startInternal(AuthenticatorBase.java:1222) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) ... 14 more 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.787 严重 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Error deploying web application directory [D:\apache-tomcat-8.5.46\webapps\manager] java.lang.IllegalStateException: ContainerBase.addChild: start: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[/manager]] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:747) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:719) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:714) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1125) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1859) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:511) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:266) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.790 信息 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Deployment of web application directory [D:\apache-tomcat-8.5.46\webapps\manager] has finished in [23] ms 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.790 信息 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory 把web 应用程序部署到目录 [D:\apache-tomcat-8.5.46\webapps\ROOT] 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.806 严重 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal ContainerBase.addChild: start: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:167) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:743) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:719) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:714) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1125) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1859) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:511) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:266) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) Caused by: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [Pipeline[StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[]]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:167) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.startInternal(StandardContext.java:5075) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) ... 10 more Caused by: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [org.apache.catalina.authenticator.NonLoginAuthenticator[]] at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:167) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardPipeline.startInternal(StandardPipeline.java:178) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) ... 12 more Caused by: java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: javax.servlet.ServletContext.getVirtualServerName()Ljava/lang/String; at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.startInternal(AuthenticatorBase.java:1222) at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:150) ... 14 more 23-Sep-2019 20:04:51.818 严重 [localhost-startStop-1] org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory Error deploying web application directory [D:\apache-tomcat-8.5.46\webapps\ROOT] java.lang.IllegalStateException: ContainerBase.addChild: start: org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Failed to start component [StandardEngine[Catalina].StandardHost[localhost].StandardContext[]] at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:747) at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:719) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:714) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.java:1125) at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig$DeployDirectory.run(HostConfig.java:1859) at java.util.concurrent.Executors$RunnableAdapter.call(Executors.java:511) at java.util.concurrent.FutureTask.run(FutureTask.java:266) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748) ``` 看到有解决方法修改jdk包中内容的尝试后仍无解
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